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For protection from the rising sea, look to Europe’s example

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Boston Globe: Last summer, Peter van Veelen led me on a hydraulic tour of Rotterdam, an excursion along the canals, dikes, sluice gates, and cisterns that keep residents dry in an island of a city that’s mostly below sea level. Under a leaden sky, van Veelen, an urban planner, pedaled his battered three-speed. I trailed behind on a rental bike. He pointed at the red stones paving a plaza by the new central train station. A chamber below stores storm water gushing from the building’s 7-acre roof, delaying drainage…
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New documentary recounts bizarre climate changes seen by Inuit elders

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Globe and Mail: Even stranger is the fact that the sun now appears to set many kilometres off its usual point on the horizon, and the stars are no longer where they should be. Is the Earth shifting on its axis, causing the very look of the sun and stars to change?
These are the drastic conditions Northern Canadians, whose lives depend from childhood on their knowledge of the most minute details of the Arctic land and skies, say they see all around them. These observations by Inuit elders are detailed in a groundbreaking…
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What if 2 C isn’t enough to cap global warming?

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Agence France-Presse: Locking in an action plan to cap global warming at two degrees Celsius will be the ultimate yardstick for success or failure at the Paris climate summit that opens in a week.
Under the UN flag, the 2 C (3.6 Fahrenheit) target has been embraced by 195 countries, most of whose leaders will descend upon France’s terror-struck capital on November 30.
But is that goal truly adequate to shield humanity from record heat waves, superstorms engorged by rising seas, and other devastating impacts?
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Oakland: Hundreds rally for global action climate change

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Contra Costa Times: Ilsa Hadda drove — which might not seem very green — to a march and rally that highlighted the dangers of carbon emissions and demanded global action on climate change.
But at age 91 and needing a cane, Hadda felt she had no choice if she wanted to join others Saturday at the demonstration that called on the world’s leaders to do more to promote clean, renewable energy.
“It’s very important,” said Hadda, who lives in Berkeley. “We want to be able to breathe and harvest our own food and live…
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Paris climate talks: ‘Six years on, climate change is killing fish, flooding our fields’

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Guardian: They are humanity’s hope for tomorrow, but each faces a future that looks increasing bleak and uncertain. Born in four different parts of the globe, these children came into the world in the weeks leading up to the Copenhagen climate conference in December 2009.
At the time, the Observer described the lives of these young people as their families struggled to cope with the impact of climate change.
Now, before the Paris climate summit at the end of the month, we have returned to meet those…
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Drought Influenced Syrian Civil War; So What, Says U.S. Congress

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Australia, which suffered the severe consequences of a deep drought that ended in 2012, made big investments in coal production and export infrastructure. The question is, will that investment have substantial value over the 35-year design life of the facilities? Here, a coal loading terminal near Sydney.

U.S. Congress on an island of reflexive denial.

Australia coal landing terminal Sydney drought infrastructure

Photo © Aaron Jaffe / Circle of Blue
Australia, which suffered the severe consequences of a deep drought that ended in 2012, made big investments in coal production and export infrastructure. The question is, will that investment have substantial value over the 35-year design life of the facilities? Here, a coal loading terminal near Sydney. Click image to enlarge.

A paper published earlier this year in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States added fresh, peer-reviewed details about how a malicious four-year (2007 to 2010) drought in Syria played a role in touching off a calamitous civil war in 2011. The long rein of water scarcity ruined the farm economy and drove over 1 million farmers and their families into unstable resource-scarce cities inspired by the Arab Spring to rebel against authoritarian rule.

The paper, like others before it, identifies climate change as the primary cause for the deepest and most economically disastrous drought in Syria’s history. The paper makes a powerful case for explaining that at least a portion of the anguish and fury of the civil war, the bedlam of obfuscation and bloody torment that has spread from Syria to Iraq to Beirut to Paris, is due to the Earth’s response to mankind’s ecological abuse.

This singular thought, that climate change can stir dangerous human conflict, is gaining salience across much of the world. One of its lone holdouts is the U.S. Congress, which apparently abhors science and prefers existing in an illusory landscape riven by the fury of its own ideology. More on that later.

Uttarakhand India Himalayas flood dam Okund Mandakani River

Photo © Dhruv Malhotra
A vicious climate change-influenced flood in Uttarakhand, India killed thousands in 2013 and wrecked the Himalayan state’s hydropower sector, which hasn’t recovered. Here a dam in Okund, on the Mandakani River, was smashed by boulders carried by floodwaters at the speed of a stampede.Click image to enlarge.

We’ve Seen It Up Close

Those of us who’ve witnessed firsthand the power of the Earth now to disrupt previously stable hydrological cycles, and cause global havoc, bear no such doubts.

California now reckons with a four-year drought that is putting grave pressure on groundwater supplies and that several climatologists theorize is a facet of an enduring cycle of water scarcity unfolding in the American West.

Last year I reported on a vicious Himalayan flood that killed as many as 30,000 people and wrecked the hydropower dams of Uttarakhand, India. The cloudburst that dumped a foot of rain on high Himalayan shoulders, and caused the banks of a big alpine lake to rupture, was later deemed by scientists to be one of the year’s significant examples of the hazards of climate change. The economic and technical consequences of the Uttarakhand flood also caved in India’s hydropower construction sector, and damaged the country’s ability to diversify its electrical generating industry with carbon-free energy sources.

Mexico Tehuacan Valley industrial poultry farms groundwater

Photo © J. Carl Ganter / Circle of Blue
In Mexico’s Tehuacan Valley, industrial, water-wasting poultry farms proliferate. The farms compete with smaller family farms for scarce groundwater in a region where surface water supplies are not assured much of the year. Click image to enlarge.

In 2008, my colleagues and I spent time in Australia’s Murray-Darling basin, that country’s primary food-producing region, to report on the consequences of a 12-year drought. As a result of the long dry spell Australia’s rice industry, the largest in the southern hemisphere, collapsed. More than 1 million metric tons of rice vanished from world markets, contributing to steep price increases for grain. The collapse of Australia’s rice harvest was one case in point. Another was wheat. Australia’s wheat growers during those dry years managed to harvest just over half of the 20 million metric tons of grain they normally produced. Australia was typically the world’s sixth-largest exporter of wheat. Recall that the Arab Spring in 2010 was touched off by rising food prices.

A year earlier my colleague, J. Carl Ganter, produced a project in Tehuacan, Mexico that showed how deep drought in one of that country’s prime grain producing regions closed farms and forced young men to seek work outside the region. Many migrated to the United States, a factor in the immigration concerns that roiled American policy circles.

Governments Respond, At Last

Obama administration carbon emissions U.S. coal-fired power plants CPS Energy San Antonio Texas

Photo © J. Carl Ganter / Circle of Blue
The Obama administration has proposed new federal rules to limit carbon emissions from U.S. coal-fired power stations, like this one owned by CPS Energy near San Antonio, Texas. Coal-state lawmakers are battling the White House, contending that climate change is a “hoax,” and the rule is costly to implement and unnecessary. Click image to enlarge.

As climate change and drought fray the fragile linen of the Earth’s human community, we’re also witnessing how governments are yielding to its unmistakable power.
Earlier this month President Obama cancelled construction of the Keystone XL pipeline that would have transported Canadian tar sands oil, the dirtiest carbon source on Earth, to refineries along the Gulf Coast. The New York attorney general is investigating ExxonMobil for securities fraud, a charge derived from the company’s campaign to shelve its own science of carbon dangers and instead foster groups and policymakers that deny the science of climate change.

This week, like divers surfacing above a sea of noise and ambivalence, the United States and other members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which represents the world’s richest countries, agreed to eliminate export subsidies for the least efficient coal plants. It’s a measure that takes effect in 2017 and is another indicator that world powers now take climate change seriously and are prepared to make the United Nations climate negotiations, which begin in Paris later this month, a turning point for global ecological and economic security.

One Holdout

While the indifference that distinguished global attitudes about the Earth’s safety is giving way to needed measures of responsibility, there’s one vital place on the planet where the sediments of illusion remain undisturbed. The U.S. Senate this week voted to block the Obama administration’s proposal to limit carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants. The vote, almost entirely along party lines, is another perfect distillation of the dazzling assortment of abstract beliefs that Republican lawmakers express, not only about the rigor and accuracy of scientific research but also about the value of coal to the U.S. economy.

Mexico Tehuacan Valley climate change groundwater rainfall pond water gathering

Photo © J. Carl Ganter / Circle of Blue
Mexico’s Tehuacan Valley is a global hotspot for the effects of climate change on a regional hydrological cycle. Rainfall is erratic and declining. Here a woman and child get water from a shrinking pond. Click image to enlarge.

The tissue of Republican dogma about climate change and climate science will eventually rupture. The California drought, the Australian drought, the Uttarakhand flood, the Sao Paulo drought, Syria’s civil war, and so many other recent ecological and economic disasters formally linked to climate change, are pouring the disinfecting waters of inescapable reality into the party’s dark grotto of denial.

–Keith Schneider,
Senior Editor

The post Drought Influenced Syrian Civil War; So What, Says U.S. Congress appeared first on Circle of Blue WaterNews.

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Chesapeake Bay Researchers?

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I'm interested in helping researchers help understand the Chesapeake Bay and the associated watershed. I'm an electrical engineer, and I'd like to volunteer to design electronic sensors and meters to help with environmental monitoring and sensing. While I'm experienced in Electronics, the environmental monitoring part is something that's new to me.

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Daily Dose Digest – Week of November 16-20, 2015

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FDA Regulatory and Compliance News FDA ordered Custom Ultrasonics to recall all of its automated endoscope reprocessors (AERs) from health care facilities due to the firm’s continued violations of federal law and a consent decree entered with the company in 2007. The Agency also issued a safety communication recommending that… Read More
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